Provoked, a battle for battered women's freedom

Publié le 7 Février 2010

Bosoms

Strange that it was Jagmohan Mundhra (of the fame of Sexual Malice and other cheap erotic thrillers) who was fortunate enough to have been able to shoot this story, the true story of a battered Punjabi woman who after 10 years of domestic violence decided to set fire on her torturing husband, and ended up with a sentence of life imprisonment. Here’s the imdb plot summary.

Because Provoked (2006) is a rather good little movie, the filmed autobiography of the heroine, played here by Aishwarya Rai, who reinforces her acting capability, demonstrating that even if she is a pretty face, she can also do the job. Some people say other actresses would have done better: well that’s a present for her, thank you! I suggest looking at those scenes when she’s in the prison, with the other inmates, and perhaps most of all in front of the devastatingly optimistic Radha Dalal (Nandita Das), who with her smooth brown tan and sexy haircut makes a good contrasts with Ash. And there’s this final scene where she manages to half smile, half cry, obliged as she is to celebrate a “victory” which isn’t completely hers (see photo below): quite nicely done.

Victory at last

The movie belongs in fact to India’s social movie strain, where the masala ingredient is reduced, because it has a message to pass on: that of male abuse against silent wives. So there are no songs, only Rahman’s efficient background music (ah, those haunting chorus voices when the suffering gets unbearable, and through them we hear something of humanity’s chant for mercy – it is to be heard in Roja, in Rang di basanti, the same distant wailing, desperate and poignant).  Here, it springs up as Kiran is thrown down on the floor by her Iron Man:

Iron Man

But the film is pleasant and generous also because it’s packed with a healthy humour, as when the Southall Black Sisters, the Women’s Rights defence organization who are campaigning to get Kiran out of jail, are sticking posters on a “no bills” wall: a dutiful cop stops and tells them that “no bills means no bills”, and they comply, but not after having stuck one of their posters on the rear window of his departing car. There are also spirited scenes in the prison, especially that moment (opening photo above) when Kiran unbuttons her friend’s blouse for her to create a better effect at an interview, and whispers “Bosoms!”, in a reference to a reading class where Kiran had stumbled over that word. But of course, the allusion underlines her contribution to the effort towards feminine empowerment. That cellmate of hers, by the way, has been justly praised. Veronica Scott is played by Miranda Richardson, seen in Blackadder, Harry Potter and Absolutely Fabulous, but I enjoyed her talent in The hours, where she graces the exceptional trio of Kidman, Moore and Streep. As a matter of fact, whether this bit (in Provoked, I mean) is historical or not, it perhaps makes the film a little too good to be true. There are certainly other Kirans in other prisons of the world, who have not have the luck to be jailed with the sister of a Lord.

Friend

But let’s now come to the film’s axe. Provoked is a denunciation of male domestic violence. You might think that such violence only exists in social backgrounds in which the male is recognised as owner of his female, and where women have but a fraction of the masculine rights. In certain traditional Islamic communities, for example. But even if that is true, the situation is not intrinsically a question of ethnic or religious milieus. It is fundamentally a question of law. In countries where women have been strong enough (which means educated enough) to have laws voted which protect them against male abuse, the reality isn’t as pervasive. This means concretely that in those countries, certain men have accepted not to side with other men, when the offenders exert what they see as their natural virile superiority. Some men instead side with these men’s women! One realises how very strange such a situation might seem, observed from a traditional male-oriented society. In numerous tribe-societies, women are nearly always considered as lower-class. (There are exceptions, where it is women who exert the authority over the community). Why? I’m neither a sociologist nor an ethnologist, but my best bet is because they have already too much power, and that men wouldn’t have any left to justify their physical superiority.

A woman

In many regions of the world, it is women who work, prepare food, and raise the children, on top of being more resistant and living longer. Men do not always recognise this superiority, but often don’t, and reduce the weaker sex to a status which enables them to feel superior. So when they reach this stage in the development when they establish laws and customs, they tend to systematically reduce those concern women, and increase the authority of the male over the female. This injustice goes way back to the origins of humanity, the young male needing to affirm himself against his mother, and prove to her he doesn’t need her any more as he grows up. Male frustrations often have something to do with how well boys, and then men, have solved their relationship problems with their mothers. I know Freud tells us with their fathers, but I believe it’s as much with their mothers, because the mother is a subject of love and then interdiction, and this tension creates a need to affirm the young man’s self-reliance and autonomy. So perhaps one might say those male-dominated societies, where women are reduced to servants or even slaves, are “civilised” in the sense that they have legalised this fundamental male frustration.

Thanks to her

Now situations of violence like those we see in the movie, where the domineering male (Deepak, played a fine Naveen Andrews) is both attracted physically to his wife, and beats her when she doesn’t get his need, are typical of this frustration fed by a feeling of cultural impunity, where women will always be considered underdogs, and whatever is done to them will go unpunished. Deepak behaves towards Kiran as he would do towards a mother-figure phantasm: attraction and disgust combined, and violent domination as response to her demands for mature behaviour. The violence of these situations is dangerous, because the violent person doesn’t understand where it comes from, and cannot measure it; it increases with his powerlessness. Deepak doesn’t burn Kiran with the iron because he can anticipate (visually) the harm he would do, but he doesn’t hesitate to push her down the stairs (she’s pregnant), because the effect of that violence is more easily disconnected from the gesture. When he joins her at the bottom of the staircase, he is both querulous (“it’s not my fault, you should’ve let me go by”) and upset for what he’s done, now that he sees her writhing in agony and fear. Such disconnectedness between cause and effect are typical of the ungrown emotional stages of infancy. Violence in couples are perhaps fuelled by a variety of forces, but this male helplessness at understanding that a loved woman cannot (and must not) be a substitute mother who will satisfy all of her baby’s whims, this creates perhaps some of the worst types of violence; it is an immature and uncontrollable violence in the hands of a grown-up child who doesn’t understand what’s coming over him, and needs all the attention and care from his family. But sometimes there’s nothing to do anymore, because the guy is just too manipulated by the forces within him. And has gone too far for his own good.

freedom 

One last word concerning the prison metaphor, Kiran in jail surprises her lawyer when she tells her she’s at least free there; and of course she doesn’t fight at first, convinced she’s guilty and sinful. Macho culture indoctrination takes time to rub off. Her freedom comes first from the fire she lights on him, a purification process which is her response to the defilement she’s endured (Deepak used to rape her), and then of course from the physical distance from the fear and danger she faced in his presence. Any enclosed area world have done the job, and of course it’s shocking for our freedom-built individualism that somebody might say that she’s freer in prison than outside. Well, so much for our limited understanding of alienation. And perhaps this is also a plea towards making our society understand the need for investing in more welcoming prisons.

Nandita Das  Having fun too

Rédigé par yves

Publié dans #Film reviews

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Commenter cet article

dustedoff 18/02/2010 17:17


Yes, you're right - the Indian judicial system is derived pretty much from the English, so an Indian lawyer wouldn't be completely at sea. But what I said about the trauma Kiran must have gone
through is probably what kept her from using a judicial means of saving herself - and of course, as you say, her fear of what would happen to her children. I would think even a lot of highly
educated women, when battered, would lose their self-esteem to the point where they don't know what to do and what not...


Filmbuff 18/02/2010 01:09



Dustedoff - I borrowed this movie from my local desi DVD shop. It was quite disturbing to watch marital rape and domestic violence. I can imagine the shock and torture Kiran must have endured. I
won't be surprised if some one goes mad in that kind of situation ie unable to think coherently or help themselves. I seem to recollect reading an interview with Kiran that she was afraid what
would happen to her kids ie who would look after them.



yves 18/02/2010 18:51


Hi Madhu, Yes, and then again, this movie is rather discreet when it comes to representations of marital violence!


astia 17/02/2010 12:00


Hello Yves! When I read your review , I couldn't keep thinking of the great K. Balchander's film " Rojulu 47 " in Telugu ( 47 nattkal in Tamil)produced in  1981 which featured the same
character of an Indian girl (Jayapradha) being ill treated by her husband (Cheerandjivy) in Paris struggled to escape from her torturer. The sole difference is that the girl was a vilage girl. The
film made such a vast movement of protestation among Pondicherry French community where parens were afraid to marry their daughter to France living Indians that till today, this film is a reference
to people living this kind of situation abroad. Jayapradha's performance was really good! I suppose that Aishwarya's is at the same level too. I'll definetely watch that movie. Thank you for the
review!


yves 18/02/2010 17:26


Hello Astia,
Thanks for your message; it's interesting what you say about that other film. In Provoked, the insistance isn't too much on the expatriation difficulties, but it's true that Kiran does
suffer from it. The film focuses more on any type male abuse, and of course, especially denounces that which is done at the hands of Asian males. But a lesson can be learnt for European males as
well.


dustedoff 17/02/2010 05:58


Yes, I did think it possible that she could've done the degree in a vernacular language - but law? Without any English? That sounded thoroughly implausible to me. And the very fact that she was a
trained lawyer would've made her a little more aware of how things worked, na? (But on the other hand, being as traumatised as she was, it's highly likely that her mind didn't work at the time).
Will look out for this, anyway - maybe hire it (Thank heavens I don't need to buy every film people recommend!)


yves 18/02/2010 16:27


I wonder if this subject of law, precisely, isn't very dependent on the English legal system? I have a faint idea that the terms, the notions, etc which would form the basis of regulatory framework
in India would actually come from those that used to be enforced under the British rule? Am I wrong?


Filmbuff 17/02/2010 05:22


I would encourage Dustedoff to watch Provoked. It is a well made film and Ash has truly done a good job. I haven't read the book although I was aware of the case due to the reporting in newspapers.
Regarding skills in english language, perhaps Kiran did her degree in punjabi medium? Many unis in India (diff states) do offer courses in local languages. Of course they are expected to do an
elementary english course too as a second language. So one would expect Kiran to understand English. In the movie. Ash definitely came across as a village girl moving straight to UK after marriage.
As Yves said, she learns english in the prison.


yves 18/02/2010 16:23


Hi Filmbuff,

Thanks for your appreciation, although I wouldn't be able to answer you as regards the language Kiran might have used for her law studies.
But perhaps you know, you, how much today Indian universities still rely on English? Are some subjects apart from Hindi taught in Hindi? Sorry if I sound so ignorant, but I have a friend here in
France, who comes from Dehli, and he told me that most subjects in higher education were actually taught in English, you know, to give students a boost in terms of communicating what they know and
making best use of it, given the situation of English as the universal language.
Thanks
yves


dustedoff 08/02/2010 06:42


I'd read Provoked a few years back, and even though I sympathised with the author, I couldn't help but have questions that had been left unanswered - for instance, that Kiran mentions that when she
went to England, she was already a graduate in law. And then she says she knew barely any English, and was completely lost when it came to living in a foreign country. It seemed a bit odd to me,
because if someone had studied law, even in India, a certain level of familiarity with English would've been expected.

The book, unfortunately, didn't tempt to see the film - and Aishwarya, when it comes to films, is one actress whose films I see only if people recommend them! Will try and get hold of this, though.


yves 08/02/2010 23:08


Hello Madhulika,

You needn't *rush* to see Provoked -- It's good, but still a minor film.
I was interested by your comment concerning Kiran's English level... It does sound strange indeed that if somebody has a degree, she should be so little conversant in English. In the film, as far
as I remember, the director doesn't include this element of education, but he certainly shows her struggling with the English, until the moment when she's taught by Veronica... almost too
successfully, I found!
Regards,
yves


Filmbuff 08/02/2010 05:56


Provoked indeed was a good movie. Ash did a very good job. She has done well in films where directors have been able to extract a good performance from her. Examples include "Iruvaar" (her first
film and a must see Mani Ratnam movie), Kandokondein-2, Raincoat, Guru,  Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam etc.

I enjoyed reading your review!


yves 08/02/2010 22:53


Yes, I agree about Ash's good movies when she has been under proper guidance. A counter-example is (among others) Shabd, or even Chokher Bali, which certain people decided was unforgettable...
I've seen Kondukondain2, good stuff, but Iruvar DVD was (if I remember well) unavailable at the time I had tried to get it. Being a Mani Ratnam buff, though, I'll have to try & remember to try
again!
Cheers
yves